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Intro
(Article written by Leandro for the website Hidden History - The former dwellers of the Earth)
http://hiddenhistory.50webs.com

What you are about to read can be disturbing and can make you go insane, this is not a joke, so if you think that you're not ready to tread these waters then I suggest you don't read any further. For those that want to know more, you are certifying that you have good control over your emotions.

These informations are being made available because there's something very important that everyone should know. There is strong evidence to change everything that is currently accepted about the Earth and its past inhabitants. I've been completely disturbed by this ever since it became clear to my eyes. Should I let others know? Am I meant to do this at all? Will I risk being thought of as a fool, nutcase, paranoid? Maybe, therefore I encourage you to verify every single sentence that was written here, and decide if it makes sense or not.

What I found has always been there for all to see, all I did was to connect the dots with lines to form the figure, so the credit goes to all the researchers that came before me and left their dots. My work is just another dot, and hopefully it will inspire others to form the bigger picture.


The ancient civilizations

Extinguished ancient civilizations are known to have possessed incredible technological knowledge, undeniable astronomical, agricultural and mathematical skills, and perhaps the most impressive and tangible legacy of their long lost past are the astonishing, complex gigantic structures made of carved stones that can be found scattered all over the globe, usually dated to at least 4.000 years ago, the Megaliths.


Megaliths.

(For more info: Ale's Stones; Burnt Hill; Cromeleque dos Almendres; Pedra Montada; Carnac Stones; Khakassia)



Megalithic monuments can have stones of weighs varying from 10 tons to more than 150 tons, and heights that can reach up to 14 feet each.


World megaliths.

(For more info: Mnajdra; Hagar Qim; Stonehenge; Ggantija)



Enormous blocks of stone are so precisely fitted together that even today with our modern technology it would be impossible to replicate such an everlasting feat.


Great megaliths.

For more info: Kheops Pyramid; Baalbek; Tiahuanaco; SacsayhuamŠn)


It has been proposed in the book 'The World Without Us' by Alan Weisman, that if the whole humanity suddenly disappeared from the face of the planet, all the great cities in the world would soon start to crumble due to natural phenomena and lack of maintenance. Roads would give way to forests, and skyscrapers would fall in a period of decades.

Who were the people that built these magnificent structures? They seemingly knew things that only now we're starting to grasp. If we look back to the scriptures of the very first civilization known, the Sumerians (5.000 BC), we find stories about a race called Anunnaki, who "descended" to Earth and established their cities on the alluvial plain of Mesopotamia. They supposedly created and instructed the human race, and in the scriptures, the Anunnaki are said to have been giants. Roman and Greek's texts speak about Titans, a race of godlike giants who ruled the Earth before the Olympians overthrew them.

If these ancient stories are true, that would explain the largeness of the constructions, but what does Archeology have to say? Has any Archeological proof for giants been found besides the monuments and legends?

The concise answer is yes, tombs, mummies and bones have appeared and disappeared here and there, however, no academic register of that nature has ever been made public.

It has been reported that there were larger animals, like mammoths, elephant birds that were over 3 meters (10 feet) tall and weighed almost half a tonne, great lizards and reptiles like the dinosaurs. Ocean creatures were larger and more numerous, like giant squids, and even a giant water scorpion that lived 330 million years ago.

Historians and Archeologists tell us that our ancestors were taller, stronger, but they won't tell us that they were giants, and for many obvious reasons. Among all those reasons, likely to be the most important, is that we simply don't know what happened to them.


Giants of Ancient Egypt.



The stones

Some of the stones used in the megalithic monuments were carried from distant places by methods not clearly understood yet, for instance, the nearest source of stones of the size represented by the large sarsens at Stonehenge is on the Marlborough Downs, about 30 km (18mi) to the NE, and the 'blue-stones' were transported from over 100 miles away. Granite stones for Sacsayhuaman, of weighs between 361 tons - 440 tons, were transported 20 miles over mountains terrain. The source of other stones like the Carnac Stones, Cromeleque dos Almendres, and Pedra Montada, remains unkown. Could they have been carried from places much farther than what is believed? What would it mean if we discovered similar structures on other planets?

Speculations of a connection between the pyramids in Egypt and planet Mars have arisen when a humanoid face was photographed among pyramidal sructures in a region of Mars called Cydonia Mensae, in a picture taken by Viking 1 on July 25, 1976. Debates around the uncanny formation seemed to have settled after new higher-resolution images suggested that it was just an optical illusion. But still there is something significant to know: Is there any correlation whatsoever between the soil and rocks on Mars and the stones of the quarries and pyramids in Egypt?

Egypt

Egypt is a country rich in stone and was sometimes even referred to as the "state of stone". There was an abundance in Egypt both in quantity and variety of stones, from soft limestone and alabaster through harder sandstone to granite and basalt. From the Third Dynasty (about 2700 BC), stone was used extensively in construction. Most of the material used was fairly rough, low grade limestone used to build the pyramid core, while fine white limestone was often employed for the outer casing as well as to cover interior walls, though pink granite was also often used on inner walls. Basalt or alabaster was not uncommon for floors, particularly in the mortuary temples and as was mudbricks to build walls within the temples (though often as not they had limestone walls).

The ancient basalt quarries of Widan Al-Faras (Ears of the Horse), so named after two hills which stand as a prominent geological feature at Gabal Qatrani, lie in the north of Fayoum about 80km southwest of Cairo. Not only do they form the best preserved ancient geological landscape from ancient Egypt, but this is also the oldest and most extensively-used basalt outcrop. There are no known archaeologically preserved equivalents anywhere else in the world.
(sources: material; Fayoum's ancient quarry under threat)

Pyramids:
Using ion beams, Demortier analyzed pieces of material from the pyramid, dated between 2551 and 2528 BC. His collaborators have determined alumino-silicate compounds. "In the 1970s, Josephs Davidovits studied chemical composition of polymers, with the aim of finding a fire-proof material. He discovered geo-polymer and some years later found out that the pyramid blocks have nearly the same composition. Upon his initiative I analyzed the matterial and found out that it is synthetic, not natural, especially because of the lixivial stone." Said in a much-simplified way, Guy Demortier asserts that the Egyptians built pyramids on the left bank of Nile from a kind of concrete, composed of 85 percent of limestone and of 15 percent of binder, containing water and natron; the latter is an alkaline sodium compound occurring in this area.
(source: Demortier)

The pyramid samples contained microconstituents (μcís) with appreciable amounts of Si (silicon) in combination with elements, such as Ca (calcium) and Mg (magnesium), in ratios that do not exist in any of the potential limestone sources. The intimate proximity of the μcís suggests that at some time these elements had been together in a solution. Furthermore, between the natural limestone aggregates, the μcís with chemistries reminiscent of calcite and dolomiteónot known to hydrate in natureówere hydrated. The ubiquity of Si and the presence of submicron silica-based spheres in some of the micrographs strongly suggest that the solution was basic. Transmission electron microscope confirmed that some of these Si-containing μcís were either amorphous or nanocrystalline, which is consistent with a relatively rapid precipitation reaction. The sophistication and endurance of this ancient concrete technology is simply astounding.
(source: geopolymer traces in the pyramid)

Samples from six different sites at the traditionally associated quarries of Turah and Mokattam have been studied using thin-section, chemical X-Ray analysis and X-Ray diffraction. The results were compared with pyramid casing stones of Cheops, Teti and Seneferu. The quarry samples are pure limestone consisting of 96-99% Calcite, 0.5-2.5% Quartz, and very small amount of dolomite, gypsum and iron-alumino-silicate. On the other hand the Cheops and Teti casing stones are limestone consisting of: calcite 85-90% and a high amount of special minerals such as Opal CT, hydroxy-apatite, a silico-aluminate, which are not found in the quarries. The pyramid casing stones are light in density and contain numerous trapped air bubbles, unlike the quarry samples which are uniformly dense. If the casing stones were natural limestone, quarries different from those traditionally associated with the pyramid sites must be found, but where? X-Ray diffraction of a red casing stone coating is the first proof to demonstrate the fact that a complicated man-made geopolymeric system was produced in Egypt 4,700 years ago.
(source: http://www.world-mysteries.com/pex_7.htm)

Mars:

Using atmospherically-corrected TES emissivity spectra, [1] and [2] identified two major surface types on Mars: basalt and andesite. From low-resolution (1 ppd) global maps of the distributions of the two surface types, [1] concluded that the basalt is restricted to the cratered terrain, and andesite is concentrated primarily in the northern lowlands, but also has significant concentrations throughout the cratered highlands.
(source: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002AGUSM.P31A..06R)

Close inspection reveals a host of rock types, from primitive volcanic material like olivine-rich basalts to highly processed silica-rich rocks such as granite, the study found. The diversity implies that the surface rocks have been reconstituted many times over an extended period of time, perhaps into the present era.

Christensen explained: "You melt the mantle and you get olivine basalts; you melt them again and you get basalt; you melt that and you make andesite; you melt that and you make dacite; you melt that and you make granite."

Mars is "a very complex world underneath that veneer of basalt," Christensen said.
(source: http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/050706_mars_diverse.html)

The analyzed rocks were partially covered by dust but otherwise compositionally similar to each other. They are unexpectedly high in silica and potassium, but low in magnesium compared to martian soils and martian meteorites.
(source: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/278/5344/1771)

Although the first APXS soil analysis (A-2) was reported to be almost identical to Viking soils, subsequent analyses demonstrate some variability and a few significant differences from Viking analyses. Specifically, soils at the Pathfinder site generally have higher aluminum and magnesium, and lower iron, chlorine, and sulfur. Scooby Doo, which appears to be a sedimentary rock composed primarily of compacted soil, also exhibits a few chemical differences form the surrounding soils.
(source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/MPF/science/mineralogy.html)

NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit has found a patch of bright-toned soil so rich in silica that scientists propose water must have been involved in concentrating it.

The silica-rich patch, informally named "Gertrude Weise" after a player in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, was exposed when Spirit drove over it during the 1,150th Martian day, or sol, of Spirit's Mars surface mission (March 29, 2007). One of Spirit's six wheels no longer rotates, so it leaves a deep track as it drags through soil. Most patches of disturbed, bright soil that Spirit had investigated previously are rich in sulfur, but this one has very little sulfur and is about 90 percent silica.

Silica commonly occurs on Earth as the crystalline mineral quartz and is the main ingredient in window glass. The Martian silica at the Gertrude Weise patch is non-crystalline, with no detectable quartz.
(source: http://marsrovers.nasa.gov/gallery/press/spirit/20070521a.html)


Conclusion

Basalt and granite are a commom for both Mars and Egypt, but no limestone was ever found on Mars. Limestone is a sedimentary rock, its presence would indicate that there were once oceans or large lakes there. Egypt is rich in limestone because it was covered by the sea during the Cretaceous Period.

Silica, aluminum, and magnesium are also found on both the Martian soil and on the composition of the pyramids. This would be of little significance, if not for the Opal CT, a relatively rare substance on Earth, found in considerable amounts on the Egyptian pyramids.

Silica is silicon dioxide, non-crystalline silica like Gertrude Weise on Mars when hydrated is known as Opal-A, it's an amorphous silica and a necessary ingredient to produce Opal CT. Under atmospheric conditions of temperature and pressure, Opal-A would over time turn into Opal CT, and then microquartz. Silica will also combine with aluminum in the presence of magnesium or calcium, thus forming alumino-silicate compounds, and that's also what Demortier collaborators have found on the pyramids.

Joseph Davidovits, who analyzed the stones of the pyramids wrote "High amount of Silica exists in the casing stone of Cheops and Teti, yet, in the associated quarries there is only quartz and no presence of Opal CT. The presence of Opal CT in the casing stone of Cheops does not indicate that it is naturally occuring, since Opal CT is not found in the quarries."

My question is where did the Egyptians get the amorphous (non-crystalline) silica in high amounts to produce their pyramids, when that substance doesn't commonly occur on Earth?

. . .

Now, what if part of the raw material used to build the pyramids were brought from Mars?

I know, that's crazy, but here's the list:

*2.4 million blocks, weighing 2.5 tons each, cut, carried and and put together with millimetric precision by 'people using simple instruments';

*They were fitted together so perfectly that the tip of a knife cannot be inserted between the joints even to this day;

*Granite quarried nearly 800 km away in Aswan with blocks weighing as much as 60-80 tonnes, was used for the King's Chamber and relieving chambers;

*The casing stones of the Great Pyramid and Khafre's Pyramid (constructed directly beside it) were cut to such optical precision as to be off true plane over their entire surface area by only 0.5 mm;

And the list goes on and on...

John Anthony West writes in reference to Egypt in particular: "How does a complex civilization spring full blown into being? Look at a 1905 automobile and compare it to a modern one. There is no mistaking the process of 'development'. But in Egypt there are no parallels. Everything is right there from the start."

An interesting thing about Aswan is that it is one of the driest inhabited places in the world; as of early 2001, the last rain there was 6 years earlier. As of 18 May 2007, the last rainfall was a thunderstorm on May 13, 2006. In Nubian settlements, they generally do not bother to roof all of the rooms in their houses.

Is it possible that the whole city of Aswan stands on the soil brought from Mars?

Pictures of Aswan:

Pictures of Aswan.


According to the scientists, no blue light penetrates the martian atmosphere, as it is absorbed by dust, giving the sky its red color.

Comparison between Earth's and Martian's atmosphere.



The real quarry

What would have happened if the former dwellers of the Earth started using earthly resources to build their gigantic temples here? The Earth would most certainly be full of gigantic holes, sort of like these:

The hidden side of the Moon.


Those are accepted today as 'meteor impact holes'. Are most of them impact craters? I don't know. Are all of them meteor impact holes? Definitely not.

The first thing to ask is: If the soil was soft enough to absorb the impact and create holes, how could have the meteors exploded and disappeared?

Not that they can't desintegrate in an explosion, but if they did explode there's something crucial to be asked...

The second thing to ask is: Why the nearly perfect spherical holes? What does it take for an object to crash and make a spheral hole? The first indispensable requirement is a perfect spherical object, meteors and asteroids tend to have irregular shapes, but let's suppose that all of them are perfect round structures. For that round structure to make a perfect hole it has to move on a perfect vertical line towards a surface, otherwise the hole would be egg-shaped, wider than deeper. The next thing needed after we have a perfect round object falling on a perfect vertical line, is for the object to hit a surface that is softer than itself, so that it can imprint its mark, and then mysteriously disappear. If the object exploded it would generate a disorder of particles and ruin all the previous perfect conditions.

Asteroid 253 Mathilde, discovered in 1885 by Johann Palisa, has an area of 52 km≤ (32mi), and 2 of its largest 'impact craters' are respectively 29.3 km (18mi) and 33.4 km (20mi) wide. They are wider than the asteroid's average radius! Mathilde has at least 5 craters larger than 20 km (12mi) in diameter on the roughly 60% of the body viewed by the NEAR spacecraft in 1997.

Phobos, the Martian Moon, with an area of 22 km≤ (13.6mi), bears a crater that is 10 km (6.2mi) wide, Stickney Crater, almost as wide as its radius.

It is obvious that craters of such magnitudes, if really caused by impacts, should have completely shattered Mathilde and Phobos.

How could those immense, successive, devastating 'impacts' not have completely destroyed that fragile asteroid? How are they still in their gravitational fields, both Phobos and Mathilde? There are two possible explanations, either some extremely strange force held them in place and steady, or that what we call impact craters may be a totally different thing.

The pattern on Mars:

Pattern of craters on Mars.


Mercury - holes found: zillions, meteors found: 0?

Craters inside craters on Mercury.


This next picture is a very peculiar and strong proof that not only has intelligent life visited Mars before us, but that scientists are well informed of that. Here you can see two triangular shaped rocks that had their upper parts sliced off. They were carefully positioned in the center of the image taken by the probe, two of a kind side by side among thousands of other ordinary rocks:

(click to enlarge)

Sliced rocks, on Mars.


The name of that previous picture is Twin Peaks...


A message?

As strange as it may sound I'm not interested in conspiracies, ufos, and I don't believe in reptilians, what I know now is that something very important happened in the past, and that story is not being told in school books. So, what's the meaning of all this? The stones, the temples, the legends, the marks on other planets, us, what is it all about? One thing is clear, those that lived long before us were very careful with the places that they've chosen to settle their civilizations, and with the materials that they used to build their cities. They were so diligent with their work that they left their unmistakable traces in all parts of the world to be found thousands of years later, and these traces would lead to a serious implication, that we were invited to take part in this creation.

One could picture the human race as fishes in an aquarium, but I think that what time has shown is that we are co-authors of a masterpiece, and we are just beginning. The question is now upon us, what honourable everlasting legacy are we leaving behind for the generations in the future?


Curiosities

The megalith of Pedra Montada stands about 4 km (2.4mi) from where I live, and when it's not too hot I sometimes get my bike and go there. It's kind of difficult because it's an ascent, so at some points I have to get off the bike and walk it past the slopes. The way back is great, running over 60 km (37mi) an hour on a bike you get to feel the wind and the ground real good. Now my brakes are not so good so I avoid going that fast.

Last time I went there I brought my camera with me and found that there is a stone much larger than the Pedra Montada, it looks like a huge crocodile behind the trees.

Crocodile shaped rock.


That rock is more than 10 m (32 feet) long, and possibly weighs over 100 tons.

Another one that caught my attention is this half stone that is partially buried in the ground. Whoever sliced that stone used a very good instrument, it left no marks or slivers like one would expect from a sawing.

Sliced rock.


While researching sources of amorphous silica I found out about this substance called diatomaceous earth. It is composed of fossilized remains of diatoms, a type of hard-shelled algae, and it's usually over 97% amorphous silica. 30 million years ago the diatoms built up into deep, chalky deposits of diatomite, sometimes extending thousands of feet under the ancient lake floor and seabed. The diatoms are mined and ground up to render a powder that looks and feels like talcum powder to us.

So, to consider the possibility that the builders of the pyramids were mining that product and processing it to mix with limestone at 10% could be just as wild of an idea as the possibility that the silica was brought from Mars, except for two details, neither the product nor pits that deep were ever found in Egypt, on the other hand if you take a look at Mars...

An analysis of the microscopic structure of the silica on diatomaceous earth and the silica found on the pyramids should be able to clarify this.


Final notes

One day while writing this I started having serious doubts whether I should continue or not, it all sounds too insane for my taste even though I was inspired to start writing after my recent findings from researches on megaliths. I was out in the backyard looking at the stars and thinking about stopping and deleting everything, I don't want to play the fool or mislead people, so I asked for a sign, a good and clear indication that I was either right and should continue, or that I was totally wrong and should quit and forget all this, whatever I was shown I would understand and follow. Well, I went to bed and had a non-lucid dream in which I was on the beach and a few meteors started falling from the sky crashing into the sand and the sea leaving a trail of dust and smoke in the air. Most of them were the size of a car, the first one hit the water, the second one hit the sand, the third fell to the far right of my view, and I was starting to worry that one of them could hit my head, you know, when you're not lucid the dreams can make a perfect depiction of reality. Then there was silence, everything was quiet when a massive meteor about the size of a basketball court crashed into the sand 100 meters (320 feet) in front of me and sunk. When the dust settled I saw it had formed a heart-shaped hole. Woke up after that and thought it was some kind of joke, a heart-shaped hole, alright, anyways, none of the meteors exploded, so at least I had a small confirmation. It was only late that day when I decided to make a search on 'heart-shaped craters', guess what I found? A heart-shaped crater on Mars, and what is this inside of the crater? A meteor. Now I'm totally convinced, so I had to finish the article.


Semptember 22, 2007©

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